Trigger finger is a condition in which the tendons that bend your fingers get caught in the palm. The tendons that flex your fingers run through a series of pulleys. This pulley system is what allows nice, coordinated flexion of the fingers. However, with repeated flexing and gripping with the fingers this pulley system is exposed to friction. This friction causes swelling or thickening of the pulley and the tendon. As a result, sometimes the swollen tendon becomes caught on the edge of the pulley. This can cause pain in the palm and can even result in the finger locking in flexion. It is more common in diabetics.
Symptoms of Trigger Finger
Often people complain of pain in the palm and locking of the digit. The locking does not always occur and is often preceded by pain and a feeling of finger stiffness. Some people even complain of pain further out in the finger that is locking.
Trigger Finger Diagnosis
Trigger finger is most often diagnosed by history and physical exam. On occasion, an x ray will be ordered to rule out arthritis.
Trigger Finger Treatment
In most cases, the initial trigger finger treatment is nonoperative. A steroid injection into the inflamed tendon/pulley resolves the problem 80% of the time. This number drops to 50% of the time in diabetics. If the trigger persists after two attempted injections, then the next step is surgery.
Trigger finger surgery involves dividing the pulley on which the tendon is catching. Dr. Graham does this using an open fashion with a very small incision in the palm. At Graham Plastic Surgery your experience is paramount, therefore, for patient comfort and convenience Dr. Graham performs this surgery in the office. Office surgery offers several advantages. The procedure takes less than an hour out of your day (as opposed to half day in the hospital), you can drive yourself to and from the surgery, you don’t have to refrain from food or drink all day prior to the procedure, and you save thousands of dollars in extra hospital expenses.
- Swelling, stiffness, and pain
- Nerve Damage
This is dependent on the type of work you perform. Many patients with office jobs only require a few days. However, patients who perform heavy labor may require 2-4 weeks to recover.